Monday, December 31, 2012

University Lectureship in Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering


We wish to appoint a University Lecturer who has a proven or promising research record and who will contribute to teaching in Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering. The range of research topics within the field of Geotechnical and Geo-environmental Engineering in which the successful candidate might specialise, and ones which should continue to attract significant interest from the research councils and industry, would include:
- Energy geotechnics (e.g. offshore, geothermal, underground nuclear waste storage, etc).
- Underground space and performance-based design of soil-structure systems
- Resilient geotechnical infrastructure in the face of hazards (eg landslides, flooding, tsunamis, etc)
- Novel materials for geotechnical applications
- Computational geomechanics
The successful candidate will take up the appointment on 1 May 2013 or as soon as possible thereafter. The appointment will be for a probationary period of five years and, subject to satisfactory performance, with appointment to the retiring age thereafter. The current pensionable scale of stipends is in the range of £37,012 - £46,846 per annum.
The closing date for applications is 13 January 2013 and applications should be sent or emailed to the Secretary of Department (Admin & HR), Department of Engineering, Trumpington Street, Cambridge CB2 1PZ, UK (tel +44 (0) 1223 332615/18 fax +44 (0) 1223 766364, email hr-office@eng.cam.ac.uk
Applications should include a completed form (CHRIS 6 (parts I and III, which is downloadable from http://www.admin.cam.ac.uk/offices/hr/forms/chris6/ ) with the names of three referees) a curriculum vitae and publications list. In addition please include a brief statement (no more than two A4 pages) of professional, teaching and/or research experience plus your future research plans.
Further information can be found at http://www.eng.cam.ac.uk/admin/jobsinfo/UL_geotech
Informal enquiries may be made to Professor Robert Mair, e-mail (rjm50@eng.cam.ac.uk)
Quote Reference: NA22802,Closing Date: 13 January 2013
Interview Date(s): Late February 2013

University of Cambridge Museums (UCM) Community Officer, Kettles Yard


University of Cambridge Museums (UCM), is one of only 16 museum services nationally to secure Major Partnership Funding from the Arts Council England (ACE). The Connecting Collections programme will transform access to the exceptional collections and research resources of the eight University of Cambridge Museums. Substantial digital innovation, high-profile exhibitions, imaginative learning programmes and effective marketing across the University museums and with wider cultural partners will reach and benefit audiences locally, regionally, nationally and internationally.
Working at Kettle's Yard and with the seven other University of Cambridge Museums, this new post offers a rare opportunity to play a vital role in developing a long-term creative relationship with the communities of King's Hedges and Arbury in North Cambridge.
Under the guidance of the Education Officer, you will be responsible for project development and project management (administration, budgets, freelance staff, reporting, and communication with partners). You will have a role in fund-raising for the King's Hedges and Arbury project, supported by the Development and Education Officers. You will also be responsible for supporting the development of smaller scale projects that link communities with the UCM collections.
You will be dynamic and inspirational with clear practical experience of working with communities in arts, museums or cultural contexts as well as with contemporary artists. You will also have a track record of leading the planning and delivery of imaginative cultural projects that have successfully engaged a wide public.
Educated to degree level or equivalent in a subject relating to visual arts e.g. art history, community arts, or arts management. You will have knowledge and enthusiasm for the visual arts and visual culture, particularly concerning participation. Outstanding organisation and time management skills are essential.
Other essential requirements include IT literacy, administrative skills and practical experience of statutory legislation related to the needs of the role. There will also be some unsocial hours working.
Offers of employment will be conditional upon the satisfactory outcome of a DBS (was CRB) check. Whether an outcome is satisfactory will be determined by the University.
* Limit of tenure: 31 March 2015.
Further details and application form CHRIS/6 are available from our websitehttp://www.fitzmuseum.cam.ac.uk/contact/jobs or via email: ucmrec@hermes.cam.ac.uk or Tel: 01223 764840.
Interested candidates should complete the CHRIS/6 application form (excluding Part 2) and return it with a supporting statement to Personnel and Workforce Development Manager, The Fitzwilliam Museum, Trumpington St, Cambridge CB2 1RB or ucmrec@hermes.cam.ac.uk
Job Ref: DC023962; Closing Date: Monday 21 January 2013

Security Escort


OPEN TO:   US Citizen Eligible Family Members (USEFMs) – All Agencies
POSITION:   Security Escort, FP-AA*
OPENING DATE:   December 24, 2012
CLOSING DATE:   January 8, 2013
WORK HOURS:   Part-time, 20 hours/week
SALARY:   *Not-Ordinarily Resident: US$ 12,217 p.a. (Starting salary)/$11.74 per hour   (Position Grade: FP-AA)
The U.S. Embassy in Seoul, Korea is seeking an individual for the position of Security Escort in the Regional Security Office.
BASIC FUNCTION OF POSITION
The incumbent works with the RSO, Facility Manager, Marine Security Guards, and embassy staff in and near controlled access areas (CAA) to maintain surveillance of un-cleared personnel and to ensure that construction and maintenance projects are executed in accordance with strict U.S. government security protocols and guidelines. The incumbent supervises the movement of all un-cleared personnel and their tools and materials to ensure the integrity of secure government facilities and national security information.  The incumbent performs other security duties as necessary.

QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED

NOTE: All applicants must address each selection criterion detailed below with specific and comprehensive information supporting each item.
  1. Education: Must have a high school diploma.
  2. Prior Work Experience: One year of general work experience in an office, management or security related environment is required.
  3. Language Proficiency: Level III (Good Working Knowledge) of speaking and writing in English is required.
  4. Skills and Abilities:  Basic keyboard skills and computer literacy.  Must be observant, flexible, and service-oriented.  Duties include prolonged periods of standing/walking and somewhat physically demanding activities, to include climbing, working in cramped spaces, and at times working outdoors and/or in inclement weather.
SELECTION PROCESS
When fully qualified, U.S. Citizen Eligible Family Members (USEFMs) and U.S. Veterans are given preference.  Therefore, it is essential that the candidate specifically address the required qualifications above in the application.
ADDITIONAL SELECTION CRITERIA
  1. Management will consider nepotism/conflict of interest, budget, and residency status in determining successful candidacy.
  2. Current Ordinarily Resident employees serving a one-year probationary period are not eligible to apply.
  3. Current Ordinarily Resident employees with an Overall Summary Rating of Needs Improvement or Unsatisfactory on their most recent Employee Performance Report are not eligible to apply.
  4. Currently employed U.S.  Citizen EFMs who hold a Family Member Appointment (FMA) are ineligible to apply for advertised positions within the first 90 calendar days of their employment.
  5. Currently employed NORs hired under a Personal Services Agreement (PSA) are ineligible to apply for advertised positions within the first 90 calendar days of their employment, unless currently hired into a position with a When Actually Employed (WAE) work schedule.
  6. The candidate must be a US Citizen who will be able to obtain and hold a Secret security clearance.
TO APPLY
Interested candidates for this position must submit the following for consideration of the application:
  1. A current resume or curriculum vitae that provides the same information found on the UAE (see Appendix B); or
  2. A combination of both; i.e. Sections 1-24 of the UAE along with a listing of the applicant’s work experience attached as a separate sheet; plus
  3. Candidates who claim U.S. Veteran’s preference must provide a copy of their Form DD-214 with their application.  Candidates who claim conditional U.S. Veterans preference must submit documentation confirming eligibility for a conditional preference in hiring with their application.
  4. Any other documentation (e.g., essays, certificates, award) that addresses the qualification requirements of the position as listed above.
Note:  If you have any family members who are currently working at the U.S. Embassy, Seoul, you are required to specify on your application or resume his/her name, office and relationship with you.
SUBMIT APPLICATION TO
Human Resources Office
American Embassy
32 Sejongno, Jongno-gu
Seoul 110-710, Korea, or Unit 15550, APO AP 96205-5550
Fax: 82-2-397-4107

Commercial Specialist


OPEN TO:   Current employees of the Mission, U.S. Citizen Eligible Family Members (USEFMs), Eligible Family Members (EFMs) and Members of Household (MOH) – All Agencies
POSITION:   Commercial Specialist, FSN-11*; FP-4**   
OPENING DATE:   December 21, 2012 
CLOSING DATE:   January 7, 2013 
WORK HOURS:   Full-time; 40 hours/week 
SALARY:   *Ordinarily Resident: W68,698,834 p.a. (Starting salary)   (Position Grade: FSN-11)
**Not-Ordinarily Resident: US$53,003 p.a. (Starting salary)   (Position Grade: FP-4 to be confirmed by Washington)

The U.S. Embassy in Seoul is seeking an individual for the position of Commercial Specialist in the Foreign Commercial Service. 

BASIC FUNCTION OF POSITION

A senior professional analyst and advisor to the U.S. staff in planning, organizing and administering programs to facilitate the marketing of U.S. goods and services in Korea.  Maintains an extensive range of mid- to senior-level contacts in business and government.  Informs host government officials and business organizations about U.S. legislation, regulations and practices pertaining to foreign trade.  Mentors junior staff on Commercial Service policies and procedures, serves as team leader for more extensive projects, and may be requested to supervise and/or provide training to junior staff in all aspects related to the work of Commercial Specialists.  Performs other duties as needed.

QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED

NOTE: All applicants must address each selection criterion detailed below with specific and comprehensive information supporting each item.

  1. Education: Bachelor’s degree in liberal arts, science, business & management, communications, law, engineering, design or related field is required.
  2. Prior Work Experience: Five years of progressively responsible experience in business, government or NGOs in the fields of marketing, trade promotion, international trade, economics, economic research, banking or similar field.
  3. Language Proficiency: Level IV (Fluent) English and Korean ability is required. 
  4. Job Knowledge: Thorough knowledge of the domestic economy, commercial and industrial structure, business and industry customs and practices, and trade and investment laws, regulations and policies.  Comprehensive understanding of foreign trade policy and issues affecting the domestic economy's bilateral trade relations with the United States.  Thorough understanding of CS trade promotion goals, programs and procedures, marketing strategies and reporting requirements.  Thorough knowledge of U.S. business practices, problems, requirements and activities. 
  5. Skills and Abilities: Ability to develop and maintain an extensive range of mid- to high-level contacts in the host government and private sector; to plan, organize, and execute complex commercial research projects and to prepare precise and accurate reports embodying in-depth analytical evaluation: and to render advice with detachment and objectivity, employing sound professional judgment.  Able to deal with a range of domestic and U.S. contacts, including senior USG officials and corporate executives;  well-developed counseling skills, combined with sales and marketing skills;  excellent research and writing abilities; able to juggle concurrent work projects with competing deadlines.   

SELECTION PROCESS

When fully qualified, U.S. Citizen Eligible Family Members (USEFMs) and U.S. Veterans are given preference.  Therefore, it is essential that the candidate specifically address the required qualifications above in the application.

ADDITIONAL SELECTION CRITERIA

  1. Management will consider nepotism/conflict of interest, budget, and residency status in determining successful candidacy.
  2. Current Ordinarily Resident employees serving a one-year probationary period are not eligible to apply.
  3. Current Ordinarily Resident employees with an Overall Summary Rating of Needs Improvement or Unsatisfactory on their most recent Employee Performance Report are not eligible to apply.
  4. Currently employed U.S.  Citizen EFMs who hold a Family Member Appointment (FMA) are ineligible to apply for advertised positions within the first 90 calendar days of their employment.
  5. Currently employed NORs hired under a Personal Services Agreement (PSA) are ineligible to apply for advertised positions within the first 90 calendar days of their employment, unless currently hired into a position with a When Actually Employed (WAE) work schedule.

TO APPLY

Interested candidates for this position must submit the following for consideration of the application:
  1. A current resume or curriculum vitae that provides the same information found on the UAE (see Appendix B); or
  2. A combination of both; i.e. Sections 1-24 of the UAE along with a listing of the applicant’s work experience attached as a separate sheet; plus
  3. Candidates who claim U.S. Veteran’s preference must provide a copy of their Form DD-214 with their application.  Candidates who claim conditional U.S. Veterans preference must submit documentation confirming eligibility for a conditional preference in hiring with their application.
  4. Any other documentation (e.g., essays, certificates, award) that addresses the qualification requirements of the position as listed above.
Note:  If you have any family members who are currently working at the U.S. Embassy, Seoul, you are required to specify on your application or resume his/her name, office and relationship with you.

SUBMIT APPLICATION TO

Human Resources Office
American Embassy
188 Sejong-daero, Jongno-gu
Seoul 110-710, Korea, or Unit 15550, APO AP 96205-5550
Fax: 82-2-397-4107

Commercial Assistant


OPEN TO:   All Interested Candidates
POSITION:   Commercial Assistant, FSN-7*; FP-7**
OPENING DATE:   December 20, 2012
CLOSING DATE:   January 4, 2013
WORK HOURS:   When Actually Employed (WAE) Work Schedule
SALARY:   *Ordinarily Resident: W39,067,000 p.a. (Starting salary)/W18,780 per hour   (Position Grade: FSN-7)
**Not-Ordinarily Resident: US$34,324p.a. (Starting salary)/US$16.44 per hour    (Position Grade: FP-7)
LENGTH OF HIRE:  Fixed-Term: Approximately 7-8 months starting February 2013

The U.S. Embassy in Seoul is seeking an individual for the position of Commercial Assistant in the Foreign Commercial Section. 

BASIC FUNCTION OF POSITION

The incumbent assists Commercial Service Officers (COs) and FSN staff in: responding to daily inquiries from U.S. companies and US Export Assistance Centers in reference to Korea’s retail/consumer market, Korea’s franchise market, and Korea’s service industries; planning, organizing and implementing trade missions; and planning, organizing and implementing all Commercial Service services to include the frequent Gold Key Services or Business Facilitation Services.   Has primary responsibility for identifying potential Korean business partners for U.S. companies and then making business appointments for visiting U.S. executives.  Conducts research of the Korean market from available primary and secondary sources to gather information to assist COs, FSN and U.S. companies in making decisions about the viability of the Korean market for U.S. products or services.  Prepares other materials as proposed by COs and CS FSNs.  Performs other duties as necessary.
  

QUALIFICATIONS REQUIRED

NOTE: All applicants must address each selection criterion detailed below with specific and comprehensive information supporting each item.
  1. Education: Bachelor’s degree, or equivalent, in business management, economics, marketing, finance, international trade, business administration or similar field is required. 
  2. Prior Work Experience: Must possess at least one year’s experience in business, government, or NGOs in the fields of marketing, trade promotion, economics, international trade or similar field.  Sector experience must be in the Korean market and must include: retail and wholesale distribution channels, consumer products, e-commerce, franchise businesses, legal, financial, human resource, accounting or other services.
  3. Language Proficiency: Level IV (Fluent) English and Korean ability (spoken and written) is required.
  4. Job Knowledge: Recent knowledge, and experience, in providing information about Korea’s: local business firms, trade practices, restrictions, organizations, industries and customs; marketing and sales techniques and trends.
  5. Skills and Abilities: Ability to meet and serve representatives of U.S. and host country commercial and business firms and other key personnel with tact and efficiency; skill in word processing  and data manipulation (e.g. promotional campaigns, mailing lists, key contact lists); basic research and analytical skills; basic writing skills (e,g, responses to business inquiries, market insights).

SELECTION PROCESS

When fully qualified, U.S. Citizen Eligible Family Members (USEFMs) and U.S. Veterans are given preference.  Therefore, it is essential that the candidate specifically address the required qualifications above in the application.

ADDITIONAL SELECTION CRITERIA

  1. Management will consider nepotism/conflict of interest, budget, and residency status in determining successful candidacy.
  2. Current Ordinarily Resident employees serving a one-year probationary period are not eligible to apply.
  3. Current Ordinarily Resident employees with an Overall Summary Rating of Needs Improvement or Unsatisfactory on their most recent Employee Performance Report are not eligible to apply.
  4. Currently employed U.S.  Citizen EFMs who hold a Family Member Appointment (FMA) are ineligible to apply for advertised positions within the first 90 calendar days of their employment.
  5. Currently employed NORs hired under a Personal Services Agreement (PSA) are ineligible to apply for advertised positions within the first 90 calendar days of their employment, unless currently hired into a position with a When Actually Employed (WAE) work schedule.

TO APPLY

Interested candidates for this position must submit the following for consideration of the application:
  1. A current resume or curriculum vitae that provides the same information found on the UAE (see Appendix B); or
  2. A combination of both; i.e. Sections 1-24 of the UAE along with a listing of the applicant’s work experience attached as a separate sheet; plus
  3. Candidates who claim U.S. Veteran’s preference must provide a copy of their Form DD-214 with their application.  Candidates who claim conditional U.S. Veterans preference must submit documentation confirming eligibility for a conditional preference in hiring with their application.
  4. Any other documentation (e.g., essays, certificates, award) that addresses the qualification requirements of the position as listed above.
Note:  If you have any family members who are currently working at the U.S. Embassy, Seoul, you are required to specify on your application or resume his/her name, office and relationship with you.
SUBMIT APPLICATION TO
Human Resources Office
American Embassy
188 Sejong-daero, Jongno-gu
Seoul 110-710, Korea, or Unit 9600, Box 9997, DPO, AP 96209-9997
Fax: 82-2-397-4107 

Development of Farm and Cocoa Database Module and Mobile Application

SELECTION FOR CONSULTANTS BY THE WORLD BANK

REQUEST FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

Electronic Submissions through World Bank Group eConsultant2
https://wbgeconsult2.worldbank.org/wbgec/index.html

ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW

Assignment Title: 1093218 - Development of Farm and Cocoa Database Module and Mobile Application

Assignment Countries:
- Nicaragua

ASSIGNMENT DESCRIPTION

The overall objective is to build a farm module (database and web interface) and mobile application to allow monitoring of cocoa plants and farm performance in a number of areas. The work is scheduled to take approximately seven months, with the main deliverables expected by July 2013.

It will require three consulting/skills sets:

- Overall IT development: this includes collecting user requirements, overall management of the development process and responsibility for testing, roll-out and training. Preference will be given to a local or regional IT development firm with expertise in technology and agriculture.

- Building/programming a database, web interface and mobile application: this includes both database requirement definition and programming, and design-build-test-deploy of a web-based user interface. Based on this interface, a mobile (tablet) application for field use will also be developed. Where necessary, parts of interface/application development may be outsourced.

- Agribusiness data intelligence: The selected consulting firm will work together with Ecom in the areas of data collection and management reporting, to ensure an optimal mix between technical cocoa knowledge and ITC development.

ELIGIBILITY

Interested firms are expected to have:
a. Proven experience in the agroindustrial sector in Central America (at least 5 years);
b. Proven experience in working developing IT solutions in the agri-sector (at least 10 years);
c. Background in cocoa and/or agribusiness, monitoring and evaluation, agronomy or rural economics, and IT development; 
d. Previous experience with designing and building IT evaluation systems, with proven track record of success in bringing innovation to farms.
e. Fluency in Spanish / English (project reports are expected in English, while main deliverables are expected in Spanish).

INDIVIDUAL / FIRM PROFILE
The consultant will be a firm. 

SUBMISSION REQUIREMENTS
The World Bank now invites eligible consultants to indicate their interest in providing the services. Interested consultants must provide information indicating that they are qualified to perform the services (brochures, description of similar assignments, experience in similar conditions, availability of appropriate skills among staff, etc. for firms; CV and cover letter for individuals). Please note that the total size of all attachments should be less than 5MB. Consultants may associate to enhance their qualifications.

Interested consultants are hereby invited to submit expressions of interest.

Expressions of Interest should be submitted, in English, electronically through World Bank Group eConsultant2 (https://wbgeconsult2.worldbank.org/wbgec/index.html)

NOTES
Following this invitation for Expression of Interest, a shortlist of qualified firms will be formally invited to submit proposals. Shortlisting and selection will be subject to the availability of funding.

Electronic G2P payments in Low-Income Countries

SELECTION FOR CONSULTANTS BY THE WORLD BANK

REQUEST FOR EXPRESSIONS OF INTEREST

Electronic Submissions through World Bank Group eConsultant2
https://wbgeconsult2.worldbank.org/wbgec/index.html

ASSIGNMENT OVERVIEW

Assignment Title: 1092314 - Electronic G2P payments in Low-Income Countries

Assignment Countries:
- (countries have not yet been selected)

ASSIGNMENT DESCRIPTION

CGAP is an independent policy and research center dedicated to advancing financial access for the world's poor. It is supported by over 30 development agencies and private foundations who share a common mission to alleviate poverty. Housed at the World Bank, CGAP provides market intelligence, promotes standards, develops innovative solutions and offers advisory services to governments, microfinance providers, donors, and investors. Access to financial services is a fundamental tool for improving a familys well-being and productive capacity. Access to financial services empowers the poor by reducing their vulnerability, and offering them opportunities to improve their lives. 

The Technology and Business Model Innovation Team has been working on the link between G2P and financial inclusion since 2009. Our main research work on this topic is presented in two Focus Notes: the joint 2009 CGAP-DFID Focus Note 58 "Banking the Poor through G2P Payments" (http://www.cgap.org/publications/banking-poor-g2p-payments) and the 2012 CGAP Focus Note 77 Social Cash Transfers and Financial Inclusion: Evidence from Four Countries (http://www.cgap.org/publications/social-cash-transfers-and-financial-inclusion). 

The recent Better Than Cash Alliance White Paper presents three shifts that characterize a countrys transition from a cash heavy to a cash lite economy. How a country undergoes this transition depends in large measure on its starting point. The paper gives examples of Haiti and Niger, which find themselves at specific starting points as they seek to make the first shift, as well as examples of Brazil and South Africa, which are at vastly different starting points (from Haiti and Niger) as they seek to make the third and final shift. The paper also highlights that the benefits to the main stakeholders (governments, private sector, the development community and individuals) change with each shift. For example, transparency might be the main benefit for a government as it makes the first shift to bulk electronic payments. But financial inclusion might be the main benefit in the second shift to an increase in e-payment usage. Finally, the barriers to shifting (such as accurate and credible information, skills and resources, competitively priced payment options, and unreliability of communications linkages) will also vary from one context to another, often within the same country.

CGAPs Focus Note 77 Social Cash Transfers and Financial Inclusion: Evidence from Four Countries published in early 2012 was the result of a year-long research project that investigated the costs and benefits of existing financially-inclusive G2P programs from the perspective of governments, recipients, and payment providers. The intent was to answer the following questions:

For governments: Is building inclusive financial services into social cash transfer programs affordable?
For recipients: Will poor recipients use financial services if offered to them?
For providers: Can providers offer financially inclusive services on a profitable basis?

Brazil, Colombia, Mexico and South Africa were selected because they have several years of experience making social cash transfers into bank accounts through the use of technology at scale. 

All four countries in the study happen to be middle-income countries with strong financial sectors and robust infrastructure. No low income countries had enough experience to provide answers to all the questions, especially related to the provider business case and to comparisons of costs to government at different points in the evolution towards electronic payments. This in and of itself is telling since a certain level of development is needed to make such payments at scale in a financially-inclusive manner. Recommendations drawn from their experiences, while useful, might not apply to all the situations low income countries find themselves in. In fact, evidence from the paper suggests further questions for inquiry. As the BTCA White Paper clearly articulates, the starting point for a country in terms of available infrastructure, available providers with the necessary expertise, and a government willing to innovate will be indicative of what sequence the country undertakes as it transitions to electronic G2P payments and then on to financially-inclusive G2P payments. 

If better than cash is to work to the benefit of poor people, there is value in studying and better understanding the experiences of low income countries as they start the shift from cash to electronic social cash transfers and build on that shift to also promote financial inclusion for the very poor. This proposed research effort will attempt to begin to address these issues, thereby contributing to the work that the Better Than Cash Alliance aims to achieve.

The proposed research will attempt to answer similar questions to those addressed in the four middle income countries, but from the perspective of experiences in countries at lower levels of development. It will focus on the same three stakeholders, but more emphasis will be at the government and recipient levels than the provider level since a robust business case is unlikely to be available for analysis. Some proposed questions (to be further refined with the selected research firm) that the research will attempt to answer include the following: 

1. For governments in low income countries: What are the options for the government in ensuring the necessary infrastructure, support and enabling environment for shifting a social cash transfer programs payment system from cash to electronic? What are the governments main motivations in deciding to drive this change and what are the perceived risks? What evidence is there to support the case for the government to do make this change? To what extent were beneficiaries consulted or their needs analyzed in the decision-making process? To what extent were other stakeholders such as mobile network operators or bank regulators included in the decision-making process? What is the basic level of capacity that is needed at each level of the government for any well-run payment pilot and for scale following a successful pilot? Which government agencies or institutions were involved in the pilot? To what extent did they require (or receive) support for the transition? To what extent were regulations considered and/or modified to accommodate the transition?

2. For recipients in low income countries: What is the experience of poor G2P beneficiaries with new, technology-based payment channels, namely cards/POS with PIN and mobile phones? How does this differ by gender, geography, education etc.? Which of these channels are more conducive to being accepted by poor G2P beneficiaries for receiving payments and why? How does this vary by gender, geography, education? What are the main benefits to beneficiaries adopting these new payment systems (e.g. lower costs etc.)? What are the main costs/barriers/risks and the assumed costs/barriers/risks that may or may not exist in practice to adopting these new payment systems? What evidence, if any, is there that poor people know about and use financial accounts if those have been included in the G2P offer? If evidence is available, does use change over time?

3. For providers in low income countries: What is the main motivation for financial service providers to get involved in G2P? How were providers awarded or given the business? What level of subsidy was provided to whom, either in terms of infrastructure for the initial launch or on an on-going basis? To what extent was the provider mandated to invest up-front or commit to other services (such as financial education) in order to deliver the service? Assuming comparability between pilots, what are the minimum requirements of an enabling regulatory environment, available infrastructure, and required government expertise that are necessary for a pilot? 

This research will also aim to provide guidance on the various models for financing the establishment of new payment infrastructure. Is grant funding justified and under what circumstances? Is private sector funding more appropriate under particular circumstances? Is there a role for public sector funders? If the government provides the funding for new infrastructure, from which ministry (or ministries) should the funding come?

More so than in the previous study, this research will focus on the process of testing new payment mechanisms, including how, when and by whom various decisions were made regarding the payment providers, technology channels, pilot location and size, and costs, as well as the contracts and service level agreements put in place. We think this emphasis on process will be useful for other countries embarkin on similar payments projects. In addition, the costs and benefits, specifically for the recipients, from the new payment mechanisms will be researched to the extent that reliable data is available.

The firm will be responsible for coordinating with the government ministries and payment providers, managing demand side surveys/focus groups of recipients, and the supply side collection of relevant data. Firms that have specific connections in some of the country schemes mentioned above should include this information in their proposal as this will facilitate the research work. 

Preference will be given to a firm that has international experience in the following Qualification Criteria given below.


  • 1. Social protection payment systems, including the role of governments, donors, and the implications for the recipients; the use of technology for payment systems, including smart cards, magstripe cards, mobile phones, and other technology platforms.
  • 2. An ability to evaluate how this technology can be used for more effective and efficient payment systems.
  • 3. Knowledge of the financial payment systems in the countries being researched, including bank and nonbank financial institutions;
  • 4. An ability to carry out a comprehensive evaluation of these systems, both from a supply side and a demand side.

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